The use of water by industries represents a significant portion of total water use. U.S. industrial water use is estimated to be more than 18.2 billion gallons per day. While industrial water withdrawals account for just five percent of total water withdrawals in the United States, thermoelectric power water withdrawals account for 49 percent. Industrial and manufacturing businesses also use about 12 percent of the public water supply. Industrial water users include facilities involved in sectors such as chemicals, food and beverage, paper and associated products, steel, electronics and computers, metal finishing, petroleum refining, and transportation equipment.
Water scarcity is one of the main consequences of global warming and water dependent industrial facilities are already under regulatory and public pressure to find alternative water sources instead of depleting precious local community fresh water supplies.
Generating water from the facility exhaust gas can help the facility owners to meet the carbon emissions requirements and improve their resiliency against financial, social and environmental water supply challenges.